[Israeli guidelines for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection--2012 Israeli Association for the Study of the Liver].

Eli Zuckerman*, Rifaat Safadi, Ran Oren, Oren Shibolet, Yaakov Baruch, Refael Bruck, Yoav Lurei, Ran Tur Kaspa, Saif Abu-Mouch, Daniel Shouval, Ziv Ben-Ari, Association for the Study of the Liver Israeli Association for the Study of the Liver

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The current standard of care for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a combination of pegylated interferon alpha (PeglFN] -2a/2b and ribavirin for 24-48 weeks, according to the viral genotype. This treatment is associated with significant side effects and achieves sustained virologic response (SVR) in only 40%-50% of genotype 1 HCV-infected patients. The recent development of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs] targeting critical steps of the virus life-cycle led to a major breakthrough in the management of HCV infection. The DAAs include protease inhibitors and polymerase inhibitors. The recently approved protease inhibitors boceprevir and telaprevir, when given with PeglFN and ribavirin in HCV genotype 1 patients, result in a much higher SVR rate [70%] among treatment-naïve and treatment-experienced patients, compared with Peg-IFN and ribavirin. In specific groups of patients this enables a shorter duration of treatment. The DAA-containing regimens are approved for HCV genotype 1 infection in HCV treatment-naïve and HCV treatment-experienced including cirrhotic patients. The Israeli Ministry of Health has recently approved the use of boceprevir (Victretis) and telaprevir (Incivo) in combination with PeglFN and ribavirin for the current standard of care treatment of HCV genotype 1 patients. The consensus opinion of a panel of national HCV-experts appointed by the Israeli Association for the Study of the Liver is presented in this report. These Israeli consensus guidelines indicate the current best practice for the use of boceprevir and telaprevir in the management of genotype 1 chronic HCV infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-714, 719
JournalUnknown Journal
Volume151
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2012

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