The injection of placental stromal cells isolated from fetal human tissues (f-hPSC) was reported to indirectly induce tissue regeneration in different animal models. A procedure of f-hPSC isolation from fragments of both selected fresh or cryopreserved bulk placental neonate tissues is proposed, based on their high migratory potential,. The fragments of the desired fetal placental tissues are adhered to a culture dish by traces of diluted fibrin and covered with culture medium. Spontaneous migration of pure f-hPSC from the tissue fragments to the cell culture dishes is followed by their rapid expansion by numerous passages. The isolated f-hPSC express typical mesenchymal surface antigens, including CD29, CD105, CD166 and CD146, with negative expression of white blood cell lineage and endothelial cells markers. Optimal yields of f-hPSC cultures can also be obtained from tissue samples cryopreserved in medium composed of 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (M2SO) and 50% fetal calf serum. Slightly better yields are obtained with media supplemented with 1% human albumin. Medium with 5% M2SO and/or 0.25 mg/ml PEG yielded inferior results. The f-hPSC from fresh or cryopreserved tissues express similar cell markers and growth kinetics. The proposed isolation protocol may also be applied for high yield isolation of stromal cells from fresh and cryopreserved tissue of other organs.
- Cell isolation
- Cell migration
- Fetal human placental stromal cells (f-hPSC)
- Tissue cryopreservation