Is it justified to avoid radical cystoprostatectomy in elderly patients with invasive transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder?

Ilan Leibovitch, Itamar Avigad, Jacob Ben‐Chaim, Ofer Nativ, Benad Goldwasser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Although radical cystectomy is accepted by most urologists as the treatment of choice for invasive carcinoma of the bladder and age alone is not considered a contraindication for radical surgery, many consider radical major operations to be unsuitable for elderly patients. Methods. The authors compared the results of radical cystectomy in 42 elderly patients to those in patients 69 years old or younger and to a group of 21 elderly patients, matched by stage of disease and severity of medical problems, who received alternative treatment. Results. The overall operative mortality rate was 6.3% (seven patients). Three (4.3%) postoperative deaths in the younger group and four (9.5%) deaths among elderly patients were recorded. The operative morbidity and mortality did not differ significantly between those two groups (P = 0.1). Among the patients who received alternative therapy, 13 (61.9%) died within the first 6 months, and only 3 survived more than 12 months. Morbidity was encountered in 97% of these patients. Conclusions. The authors showed that radical cystectomy is a relatively safe procedure for elderly patients. The elderly patient who is thought to be unsuitable for surgery not only is deprived of his right to definite curative therapy but also is exposed to higher morbidity and mortality and worse quality of life than are those who undergo operations. The authors conclude that it is unjustified to avoid radical cystectomy in the elderly population on the basis of age alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3098-3101
Number of pages4
JournalCancer
Volume71
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 May 1993

Keywords

  • bladder neoplasm
  • elderly
  • postoperative complications
  • radical cystectomy
  • transitional cell carcinoma

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