Is Elective Cerclage Justified in the Management of Triplet and Quadruplet Pregnancy?

Gil A. Goldman, Dov Dicker, Dan Peleg, Jack A. Goldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Summary: The main complication in multiple gestation with more than two fetuses is prematurity, with its concomitant increase in perinatal mortality and morbidity. Clearcut indications as to management of these pregnancies are lacking, and the efficiency of elective cerclage is controversial. Twelve triplets and three quadruplets out of 27 multiple pregnancies were electively sutured and compared to 10 triplets and two quadruplets without this procedure. Otherwise, both groups were managed uniformly regarding bed‐rest, beta‐mimetic drugs and dexamethazone for the enhancement of fetal lung maturity. Mean duration of pregnancy in patients with cerclage was 35 weeks, significantly longer than those who did not undergo this procedure (30.7 weeks) (p<0.01). Furthermore, in the former group, the mean neonatal weight was significantly higher (p<0.01), mean Apgar scores were better, significantly lower rates of respiratory distress syndrome occurred (p<0.05), perinatal mortality rate was significantly reduced (p<0.01) and the mean hospitalization period was shorter (p< 0.025). It seems that elective cervical suture is a definite contribution to the successful management of multiple pregnancies with more than two fetuses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-11
Number of pages3
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1989

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