Iraqi-Jewish optic atrophy plus is an autosomal recessive condition characterized by infantile optic atrophy, an early onset movement disorder, and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. Other features include spastic paraplegia, mild ataxia, mild cognitive deficiency and dysarthria. This disorder was identified in inbred Iraqi-Jewish kindreds in which relationships between most of the affected individuals were unknown. In this study we identify linkage to chromosome 19q13.2-q13.3 by using a DNA pooling strategy to perform a genome wide screen followed by a high density search for shared segments among affected individuals in candidate regions identified in the initial genome wide screen. A significantly high positive lod score of 6.14 at zero recombination was obtained for the CTG repeat in the 3' untranslated region of the myotonic dystrophy protein kinase gene. The existence of multiple recombinant individuals indicates the disease interval can be further narrowed with additional markers. Linkage disequilibrium was seen in six polymorphic markers across a 1 Mb interval. This region is well characterized and contains several candidate genes.
|National Human Genome Research Institute