Involvement of cyclic adenosine monophosphate in the stimulation of gonadotropin secretion from the pituitary of the teleost fish, tilapia

Berta Levavi-Sivan*, Zvi Yaron

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study examines the involvement of cAMP in the transduction of the short-term effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) on gonadotropin release in the teleost fish, tilapia. A 5 min pulse of dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP; 0.03-3 mM) or forskolin (0.1-10 μM) resulted in dose-dependent surges in tilapia gonadotropin (taGTH) secretion from the perifused pituitary. The initial increase in taGTH in response to dbcAMP (3 mM) occurred within 6 min. The concentration of cAMP in the effluent medium increased about 20-fold after a pulse of [d-Ala6,Pro9-NEt]-luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) (GnRHa; 100 nM). To rule out the possibility that the observed effects were due to stimulation by endogenous GnRH release from intact nerve terminals present in the fragments, further experiments were performed in primary cultures of dispersed pituitary cells. Exposure (30 min) of the cells to forskolin (0.01-1.0 μM) resulted in a dose-dependent increase in taGTH release similar to that achieved by GnRHa (1 pM to 10 nM). Also 8-bromo cAMP (0.01-1.0 mM) evoked a dose-related increase in taGTH release. A 3-fold increase in the release occurred in the presence of isobutylmethylxanthine (IBMX) (0.2 mM), similar to that obtained by GnRHa (1.0 nM) in the absence of IBMX. However, when combined, the increase in taGTH release was 16-fold. Moreover, exposure of the cultured cells to GnRHa (0.1 or 10 nM, 60 min) resulted in a dose-related elevation of intracellular cAMP levels and taGTH release. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that cAMP is involved as a mediator in the transduction of GnRH stimulation of gonadotropin release in tilapia, and operates in parallel or is interconnected with the system of Ca2+ influx, protein kinase C (PKC) activation and arachidonic acid, as previously described in this and other fish.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-182
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1992


  • Cyclic AMP
  • Fish
  • Gonadotropin
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
  • Tilapia
  • Transduction


Dive into the research topics of 'Involvement of cyclic adenosine monophosphate in the stimulation of gonadotropin secretion from the pituitary of the teleost fish, tilapia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this