(Invited) Ion-Transport in Polymer-in-Ceramic Electrolytes

Diana Golodnitsky, Raymond Blanga, Marc Brian Berman, Moshiel Biton, Farid Tariq, Vladimir Yufit, Nigel P. Brandon, Steven Greenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstractpeer-review


Solid electrolytes could revolutionize battery and supercapacitor technology because of their nontoxicity, stability during operation and enhanced safety. The major limitation of solid electrolytes is their low ionic conductivity at room temperature, and intricate ion transport complicated by grain-boundary phenomena. We have developed, and present here, novel polymer-in-ceramic composite electrolytes with high ion-conduction properties, prepared by electrophoretic deposition. Nanoparticles of LiAlO2, Li10SnP2S12, and some ion-conducting glasses were used as ceramic matrices. Polyethyleneimine (PEI) and polyethylene oxide (PEO) were tested as binders and lithium-ion-conducting media. Our recently developed simplified Poisson-Boltzmann model reveals that the adsorption of PEI on the surface of ceramic particles increases zeta potential, repulsion forces between the particles and their deposition rate. The electrophoretic deposition of PEO and nanoceramic powders occurs from the individual entities. We have succeeded in depositing films containing 5 to 40% PEO which are homogeneous in composition and uniform in thickness. XRD and DSC tests showed that the crystallinity of the polymer confined in the pores of ceramics, is suppressed. This was expected to improve the ionic conductivity of composite electrolytes saturated with LiI salt. However, on the basis of AC-impedance, NMR and high-resolution X-ray tomography data, we suggest that the high ionic conductivity (0.5mS/cm) at room temperature and low activation energy (2.3kJ/mole) are brought about by the grain-boundaries current path between the excess of LiI and ceramic nanoparticles, and not by the confined-in-ceramic polymer. The nanoarchitecturing of ordered, fast-ion-conduction paths and the elimination of perpendicular blocking grain boundaries is expected to reduce the effect of high-resistant grains.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberMA2017-01 243
Pages (from-to)243
JournalECS Meeting Abstracts
StatePublished - 2017


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