Investigation of the Degradation Behavior of Cyclophosphamide by Catalytic Ozonation Based on Mg(OH)2

Lakshmi V. Prasanna, Dror Avisar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Metal hydroxides, owing to their catalytic active sites for the decomposition of O3 to Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), have been adapted for catalytic ozonation of micropollutants in wastewater. In this study, commercial Mg (OH)2 was used for the degradation of cyclophosphamide (CYP) by ozone. The crystal phase was confirmed by X-ray powder Diffraction (XRD). Percent degradation of 10 ppm CYP after 30 min by O3 and Mg (OH)2/O3 was 56 and 93, respectively, suggesting enhanced decomposition of O3 to ROS by the catalyst. The presence of ROS was further confirmed using pCBA as a probe, which showed that the concentration of ROS was eight times higher in the presence of Mg (OH)2/O3 than O3 alone. Catalytic ozonation experiments in the presence of scavengers showed that OH· radicals play a significant role in the degradation of CYP. The catalyst was found to be reusable for at least three cycles without significant loss in degradation efficiency. To study the compatibility of Mg (OH)2 for wastewater treatment applications, synthetic effluent was spiked with CYP and subjected to ozonation by Mg(OH)2/O3. The TOC of CYP before and after the treatment showed that Mg (OH)2/O3 not only degrades CYP but also mineralizes to a certain extent unlike O3 alone.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2274
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022


  • cyclophosphamide
  • heterogeneous catalytic ozonation
  • ozone
  • synthetic effluents


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