Investigating two mobile just-in-time adaptive interventions to foster psychological resilience: research protocol of the DynaM-INT study

S. A. Bögemann*, A. Riepenhausen, L. M.C. Puhlmann, S. Bar, E. J.C. Hermsen, J. Mituniewicz, Z. C. Reppmann, A. Uściƚko, J. M.C. van Leeuwen, C. Wackerhagen, K. S.L. Yuen, M. Zerban, J. Weermeijer, M. A. Marciniak, N. Mor, A. van Kraaij, G. Köber, S. Pooseh, P. Koval, A. Arias-VásquezH. Binder, W. De Raedt, B. Kleim, I. Myin-Germeys, K. Roelofs, J. Timmer, O. Tüscher, T. Hendler, D. Kobylińska, I. M. Veer, R. Kalisch, E. J. Hermans, H. Walter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Stress-related disorders such as anxiety and depression are highly prevalent and cause a tremendous burden for affected individuals and society. In order to improve prevention strategies, knowledge regarding resilience mechanisms and ways to boost them is highly needed. In the Dynamic Modelling of Resilience – interventional multicenter study (DynaM-INT), we will conduct a large-scale feasibility and preliminary efficacy test for two mobile- and wearable-based just-in-time adaptive interventions (JITAIs), designed to target putative resilience mechanisms. Deep participant phenotyping at baseline serves to identify individual predictors for intervention success in terms of target engagement and stress resilience. Methods: DynaM-INT aims to recruit N = 250 healthy but vulnerable young adults in the transition phase between adolescence and adulthood (18–27 years) across five research sites (Berlin, Mainz, Nijmegen, Tel Aviv, and Warsaw). Participants are included if they report at least three negative burdensome past life events and show increased levels of internalizing symptoms while not being affected by any major mental disorder. Participants are characterized in a multimodal baseline phase, which includes neuropsychological tests, neuroimaging, bio-samples, sociodemographic and psychological questionnaires, a video-recorded interview, as well as ecological momentary assessments (EMA) and ecological physiological assessments (EPA). Subsequently, participants are randomly assigned to one of two ecological momentary interventions (EMIs), targeting either positive cognitive reappraisal or reward sensitivity. During the following intervention phase, participants' stress responses are tracked using EMA and EPA, and JITAIs are triggered if an individually calibrated stress threshold is crossed. In a three-month-long follow-up phase, parts of the baseline characterization phase are repeated. Throughout the entire study, stressor exposure and mental health are regularly monitored to calculate stressor reactivity as a proxy for outcome resilience. The online monitoring questionnaires and the repetition of the baseline questionnaires also serve to assess target engagement. Discussion: The DynaM-INT study intends to advance the field of resilience research by feasibility-testing two new mechanistically targeted JITAIs that aim at increasing individual stress resilience and identifying predictors for successful intervention response. Determining these predictors is an important step toward future randomized controlled trials to establish the efficacy of these interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number245
JournalBMC psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023


FundersFunder number
Leibniz Institute for Resilience Research
Network for University Medicine01KX2021
Horizon 2020 Framework Programme101016127, 777084
Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
Deutsche ForschungsgemeinschaftCRC 1193
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung


    • Ecological momentary assessment
    • Ecological momentary intervention
    • Longitudinal
    • Mental health
    • Mental imagery
    • Prospective
    • Reappraisal
    • Resilience
    • Resilience factors
    • Stress


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