Inverse design of unparametrized nanostructures by generating images from spectra

Itzik Malkiel*, Michael Mrejen, Lior Wolf, Haim Suchowski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recently, there has been an increasing number of studies applying machine learning techniques for the design of nanostructures. Most of these studies train a deep neural network (DNN) to approximate the highly nonlinear function of the underlying physical mapping between spectra and nanostructures. At the end of training, the DNN allows an on-demand design of nanostructures, i.e., the model can infer nanostructure geometries for desired spectra. While these approaches have presented a new paradigm, they are limited in the complexity of the structures proposed, often bound to parametric geometries. Here we introduce spectra2pix, which is a DNN trained to generate 2D images of the target nanostructures. By predicting an image, our model architecture is not limited to a closed set of nanostructure shapes, and can be trained for the design of a much wider space of geometries. We show, for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, a successful generalization ability, by designing completely unseen shapes of geometries. We attribute the successful generalization to the ability of a pixel-wise architecture to learn local properties of the meta-material, therefore mimicking faithfully the underlying physical process. Importantly, beyond synthetical data, we show our model generalization capability on real experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2087-2090
Number of pages4
JournalOptics Letters
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 May 2021


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