Introduction of hospital quality measures may lead to a temporary decrease in patient outcomes

M. Rozenfeld, M. Bodas, M. Shani, I. Radomislensky, A. Israel, A. Israeli, K. Peleg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To analyse the impact of hospital quality indicators on hip fracture mortality in Israel. Study design: A retrospective observational study. Methods: Data were collected on all patients aged ≥65 years with an isolated hip fracture in the years 2010–2016 from the Israel's National Trauma Registry. These data were then cross checked with information on co-morbidities and medication intake from the Clalit medical fund. All successfully matched patients constituted the study population. The main outcome measures were in-hospital and 1-year mortality. Trend analysis of surgery on hip fractures within 48 h of hospitalisation (referred to as early hip fracture surgeries) and mortality was performed. The introduction of the proportion of early hip fracture surgeries as an official quality parameter in 2013 was considered an intervention. Results: The proportion of early hip fracture surgeries continuously increased during the study period and, after the introduction of the quality measure, a significant increase in the uniformity of practice among hospitals was observed. The mortality trend was not related to the early surgeries trend, with a sharp upward spike detected in 2014, followed by a gradual return to previous levels in the subsequent years. The analysis has shown that when adjusting for demographic factors and co-morbidity, both in 2010–2013 and in 2015–2016, a clear benefit in survival existed for patients who were operated on within the first 48 h. In 2014, which was the first year of open publication of achieved quality measures reported in the media, no such benefit was found. Conclusions: Even when an improvement in a promoted practice is achieved, its positive impact on clinical outcomes may be delayed, possibly indicating the need for a learning period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-76
Number of pages6
JournalPublic Health
StatePublished - Nov 2021


  • Hip fracture
  • Hospital comparison
  • Quality measures


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