Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Vertical root fractures (VRFs) are root-originated fractures in endodontically treated teeth and are considered as the third most common cause for tooth extraction after dental caries and periodontal diseases [1–3] (Fig. 1.1). They often present diagnostic problems that challenge the expertise of even skilled and most experienced clinicians [1, 2]. This clinical entity may be difficult to diagnose because often the clinical signs, symptoms, and radiographic features can mimic signs and symptoms of failed endodontic treatment or a periodontal disease [1, 4, 5]. In addition, there are many aspects and a variety of issues regarding the root fracture etiology and risk factors, and VRFs may develop also in teeth with good-quality endodontic treatment and well-prepared coronal restoration [1, 4, 5]. Therefore, prevention of these fractures is all together difficult and frustrating.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationVertical Root Fractures in Dentistry
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9783319168470
ISBN (Print)9783319168463
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Cone Beam Compute Tomography
  • Endodontic Treatment
  • Periodontal Disease
  • Root Canal
  • Root Canal Treatment


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