Intravitreal triamcinolone injection for diffuse diabetic macular edema with foveal cystoid changes

Adiel Barak, Michael Regenbogen, Michaella Goldstein, Anat Loewenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Diabetic macular edema causes visual loss in almost one-third of diabetic patients. There is currently no treatment for the accompanying cystoid foveal changes. Objectives: To assess the clinical outcome, i.e., change in visual acuity, in patients treated with steroids for long-standing diabetic macular edema with foveal cystoid changes. Methods: In the ophthalmology department of a tertiary care university-affiliated medical center and the ophthalmology service of a health management organization, 46 diabetic subjects (56 eyes) who had diabetic macular edema with cystoid foveal changes received one intravitreal injection of 4 mg triamcinolone acetonide. Results: The me an baseline (pre-injection) visual acuity of 0.21 increased to 0.31 and 0.48 at 1 and 3 months, respectively, after which it decreased to 0.33 at 6 months. The mean intraocular pressure was 15.07 mmHg at baseline, 15.83 at day 1, gradually rising to 17.16, 18.38 and 18.57 mmHg at 1, 3 and 6 months respectively. Three patients suffered immediate visual decline after the injection. Conclusions: Intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide may be a therapeutic option for long-standing diabetic macular edema with foveal cystoid changes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-87
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume8
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2006

Keywords

  • Diabetic macular edema
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Foveal cystoid changes
  • Triamcinolone acetonide

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