Intravitreal bevacizumab as supplemental treatment or monotherapy for severe retinopathy of prematurity

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the benefit of intravitreal bevacizumab as supplemental or primary treatment for retinopathy of prematurity. Methods: The files of nine consecutive infants treated with intravitreal bevacizumab for bilateral severe posterior retinopathy of prematurity were reviewed. Results: Gestational age was 24 weeks to 27 weeks, and birth weight was 660 g to 1,131 g. Indications for treatment were retinopathy of prematurity progression from Stage 3 to 4A or 2 to 3 with extraretinal neovascularization despite laser treatment; active neovascular Stage 4A disease after laser and cryo-treatment; anterior segment neovascularization and bleeding after laser treatment; and aggressive posterior disease with tunica vasculosa lentis and vitreous haze, which prevented laser treatment. One patient (two eyes) underwent lens-sparing vitrectomy after bevacizumab treatment; one eye acquired macular fold. One patient underwent bilateral scleral buckle. Bevacizumab treatment was associated with subsidence of the active vascular component in all eyes. Anatomical results were favorable in 17 eyes. There were no local or systemic complications. Conclusion: Intravitreal bevacizumab may serve as a supplemental therapeutic agent for severe laser-refractory retinopathy of prematurity or as monotherapy when media opacities preclude diode laser photocoagulation or the patient is too sick for lengthy laser treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1239-1247
Number of pages9
JournalRetina
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Avastin
  • bevacizumab
  • retinopathy of prematurity
  • vascular endothelial growth factor

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