Intravenous leiomyomatosis

Eido Ben-Ami, Reuvit Halperin, David Schneider, Arie Herman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Intravenous leiomyomatosis is a rare tumor described only in women, in which benign smooth muscle cells grow into the pelvic venous channels. The tumor may cause life-threatening symptoms if there is involvement of the inferior vena cava or the right atrium. This is a case study of intravenous leiomyomatosis with left ovarian extension in a 42 years old woman. The patient was admitted for total abdominal hysterectomy due to uterus myomatosus and menorrhagia. During the operation a frozen section was sent for examination revealing intravenous leiomyomatosis. Thereupon, bilateral salpingooophorectomy was also performed. This article reviews the cause, disease, presentation, diagnosis, treatment and recurrence of intravenous leiomyomatosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-260+319
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Intracardiac tumor
  • Intravenous leiomyomatosis
  • Uterine smooth muscle tumors
  • Uterus myomatosus
  • Vascular surgery


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