Intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion with mitomycin C for colorectal cancer with peritoneal metastases

Schlomo Schneebaum*, Mark W. Arnold, Alfred Staubus, Donn C. Young, David Dumond, Edward W. Martin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Intraperitoneal (i.p.) metastases pose a special problem for surgical treatment because of their multiplicity and microscopic size. This study was designed to examine the feasibility and safety of i.p. hyperthermic perfusion (IPHP) with mitomycin C (MMC) for treating recurrent colorectal cancer. Methods: Fifteen patients with metastatic colon cancer were treated. All patients underwent cytoreductive procedures leaving only residual i.p. metastases <1 cm in diameter. All patients had received prior systemic chemotherapy, but their disease had progressed. Intraperitoneal chemotherapy was administered through three large catheters (28 French) using a closed system of two pumps, a heat exchanger, and two filters. After the patient's abdominal temperature reached 41°C, 45-60 mg of MMC was circulated intraperitoneally for 1 h. Results: The majority of patients had various anastomoses: small bowel (n = 11), large bowel (n = 5), and urologie (n = 5). No anastomotic complications occurred in any of the patients. One patient experienced severe systemic MMC toxicity, which caused cytopenia and respiratory depression. In all patients the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level decreased after surgery and IPHP. Median follow-up was 10 months, and recurrence was defined as an elevation in CEA level. Disease recurred in three patients within 5 months, and disease recurred in seven other patients over the next 3 months; one patient remains clinically free of disease after 8 months. Conclusion: Our data suggest that IPHP is a safe palliative method of treatment for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. The median patient response duration of 6 months may warrant consideration of a repeat IPHP procedure at that time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-50
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Colorectal cancer
  • Hyperthermia
  • Intraperitoneal chemotherapy
  • Mitomycin C
  • Peritoneal metastasis


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