Intrapartum ultrasound for the management of the active pushing phase

Yinon Gilboa, Sharon Perlman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The anxiety and anticipation that accompany pregnancy, labor, and delivery may be relieved by education, providing knowledge regarding the physiological process of childbirth. Intrapartum ultrasound is an available, simple, intuitive, real-time tool that enables visualization of the fetal head within the birth canal. Both the attending staff and expectant parent can assess its movements and descent in response to the pushing efforts during the active pushing phase. This review described the potential obstetrical and psychological advantages of intrapartum ultrasound in managing the active pushing phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100422
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology MFM
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2021


  • angle of progression
  • intrapartum ultrasound
  • maternal coaching
  • posttraumatic stress disorder following childbirth
  • visual biofeedback


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