Intraoperative parathormone measurements and postoperative hypocalcemia

Albert Stepansky, Ruth Gold-Deutch, Natan Poluksht, Philippe Hagag, Carlos Benbassat, Anat Mor, Dorit Aharoni, Ilan Wassermann, Zvi Halpern, Ariel Halevy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hypocalcemia following thyroid and parathyroid surgery is a well-recognized potential complication. Objectives: To determine the utility of intraoperative quick parathormone assay in predicting severe hypocalcemia development following parathyroidectomy for a single-gland adenoma causing primary hyperparathyroidism. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed. IOQPTH values were measured at time 0 (T0) before incision, and 10 (T10) and 30 minutes (T30) following excision of the hyperfunctioning gland. Percent decrease in IO-QPTH at 10 minutes (T10), maximum percent decrease of IO-QPTH value, and lowest actual IO-QPTH value obtained at surgery were used to determine any correlation with the development of postoperative hypocalcemia requiring treatment. Results: Percent decrease in IO-QPTH at 10 minutes, maximum percent decrease in IO-QPTH and lowest IO-QPTH value did not correlate with the lowest postoperative calcium levels measured 18 hours after surgery (r = 0.017, P = 0.860; r = 0.018, P = 0.850; and r = 0.002, P = 0.985 respectively). For the purposes of our analysis, patients were subdivided into three groups. Group 1 comprised 68 patients with normal calcium levels (serum Ca 8.6-10.3 mg/dl), group 2 had 28 patients with hypocalcemia (8.1-8.6 mg/dl), and group 3 included 12 patients with severe hypocalcemia (calcium level ≤ 8.0 mg/dl) requiring calcium supplementation due to symptoms of hypocalcemia. There was no difference between the three groups in the lowest IO-QPTH value (P = 0.378), percent decrease in IO-QPTH (P = 0.305) and maximum percent decrease in IO-QPTH (P = 0.142). Conclusions: IO-QPTH evaluation was not useful in predicting the group of patients susceptible to develop severe postoperative hypocalcemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-210
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume12
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Hypocalcemia
  • Parathormone
  • Parathyroidectomy
  • Quick PTH

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