Intrafollicular and serum levels of leptin during in vitro fertilization cycles: Comparison between the effects of recombinant follicle-stimulating hormones and human menopausal gonadotrophin

Benny Almog, Foad Azem, Rita Kapustiansky, Joseph Azolai, Israel Wagman, Ishai Levin, Ron Hauser, David Pauzner, Joseph B. Lessing, Ami Amit, Ronni Gamzu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives. To compare the effect of recombinant follicle-stimulating hormones (r-FSH) and human menopausal gonadotrophin (hMG) on leptin levels in serum and follicular fluid (FF) during in vitro fertilization IVF/ET treatment, and to investigate whether leptin levels in the follicular fluid and/or serum are correlated with IVF success. Methods. Sixty-three patients undergoing IVF cycle were subdivided into two groups. r-FSH was used to for controlled ovarian hyperstimulation in 29 patients (Group A) while, hMG was used in 34 patients (Group B). Our main outcomes were serum and FF leptin on the day of oocyte collection. Result(s). The two groups were comparable in age, body mass index (BMI), indications for IVF/ET, E2 level on human chorionic gonadotrophin day, number of retrieved oocytes, fertilization rate, number of transferred embryos and pregnancy rate. Serum and FF leptin levels were similar between the two study groups. Additionally, no correlation was found between levels of leptin in either serum or FF and cycle results such as: number of retrieved oocytes, fertilization rate and pregnancy rate. Conclusions. r-FSH and hMG have been found to have comparable effects on leptin levels in the serum and the FF of patients undergoing IVF/ET. Additionally, leptin levels in both serum and FF on day of retrieval have no correlation to IVF/ET outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)666-668
Number of pages3
JournalGynecological Endocrinology
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • IVF-ET
  • Leptin
  • follicular fluid
  • human menopausal gonadotrophin
  • recombinant FSH
  • serum levels

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