Intradialytic parenteral nutrition in malnourished children treated with hemodialysis

Irit Krause, Raanan Shamir, Miriam Davidovits, Sigal Frishman, Roxana Cleper, Zahava Gamzo, Irit Poraz, Bella Eisenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To examine the feasibility and effectiveness of intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) in children on hemodialysis. Design: Prospective experimental study with a single intervention group. Setting: A pediatric hemodialysis unit. Subjects: Four malnourished children on hemodialysis (3 girls and 1 boy) 4 to 18 years of age were studied during a period of 1 year. Intervention: IDPN, which is composed of amino acids (8.5% solution), glucose (as 10% to 15% dextrose), and 20% fat emulsion, was administered at every dialysis session (3 times a week, during 4 hours each time) for 7 to 12 weeks. Main outcome measure: Oral caloric intake (evaluated by using a 3-day diet history), dry weight (weight after dialysis), body mass index, percent ideal body weight, total lymphocyte count, and serum levels of albumin before, immediately after cessation of IDPN, and 3 months after cessation of IDPN. Results: Oral caloric intake increased markedly after IDPN administration, from 5 to 63 kcal/kg/d (mean, 33 kcal/kg/d) before IDPN administration to 35 to 177 kcal/kg/d (mean, 86 kcal/kg/d) at the time of cessation. Weight did not change during the treatment period but it did increase from 9.5 to 36.4 kg (mean, 25 kg) to 11 to 39 kg (mean, 26.7 kg) 3 months later. Percent ideal body weight increased from 73% to 88% (mean, 78.5%) to 79% to 90% (mean, 85.1%), and body mass index increased from 12.2 to 15 kg/m2 (mean, 13.5 kg/m2) to 13.4 to 15.5 kg/m2 (mean, 14.6 kg/m2). Total lymphocyte count increased from 538 to 2,041 cells/mm3 (mean, 1,403 cells/mm3) to 724 to 2,884 cells/mm3 (mean, 2,066 cells/mm3). Plasma levels of albumin increased in 1 patient but remained unchanged in others. Conclusion: Short-term IDPN treatment may serve as a safe and effective nutritional intervention in malnourished children on hemodialysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-59
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Renal Nutrition
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2002

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