Intracytoplasmic injection of fresh and cryopreserved testicular spermatozoa in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia - A comparative study

Shevach Friedler*, Deborah Strassburger, Arieh Raziel, Dafna Komarovsky, Yigal Soffer, Raphael Ron-El

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To compare the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with fresh and frozen-thawed testicular spermatozoa in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia. Design: Retrospective analysis of consecutive ICSI cycles. Setting: In Vitro Fertilization Unit, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center. Patient(s): Eighteen with nonobstructive azoospermia in whom testicular sperm was found after testicular sperm extraction. Intervention(s): Testicular sperm retrieval, cryopreservation, and ICSI with fresh or frozen-thawed testicular spermatozoa. Main Outcome Measure(s): Two- pronuclear fertilization; embryo cleavage rates, mean number of embryos transferred per cycle, and their relative quality, embryo implantation, clinical pregnancy, and ongoing pregnancy rates (PRs) per ET. Result(s): No statistically significant differences were noted in all parameters examined between ICSI cycles with fresh or cryopreserved testicular spermatozoa from the same nine patients and comparing all ICSI cycles performed; with fresh (25 cycles) and thawed (14 cycles) testicular spermatozoa, respectively: two- pronuclear fertilization, 47% versus 44%; embryo cleavage rates, 94% versus 89%; implantation rates, 9% versus 11%; and clinical PR, 26% versus 27%. The delivery or ongoing PR using fresh sperm was better (21% versus 9%), but the difference did not reach statistical significance. The cumulative clinical PRs and ongoing PRs per testicular sperm extraction procedure were 36% and 24%, respectively. Conclusion(s): Testicular sperm cryopreservation using a simple freezing protocol is promising in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia augmenting the overall success achieved after surgical sperm retrieval.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)892-897
Number of pages6
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • ICSI
  • Nonobstructive azoospermia
  • Testicular sperm cryopreservation
  • Testicular sperm extraction


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