Intracellular inhibitory effects of velcade correlate with morphoproteomic expression of phosphorylated-nuclear factor-κB and p53 in breast cancer cell lines

Mingyue Lun, Ping L. Zhang, Nava Siegelmann-Danieli, Thomas M. Blasick, Robert E. Brown*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Velcade, a proteasome inhibitor, has been shown to inhibit DNA binding activity of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) and to stabilize p53 in vitro. But its impact, in the context of activated (phosphorylated and translocated) NF-κB and the expression of p53, has not been studied in breast cancer. It would be desirable to determine whether or not the immunohistochemical (IHC) expressions of activated NF-κB and of p53 can predict the effects of Velcade in viable tumor cells. To answer these questions, we selected 3 breast cancer cell lines (SKBR-3, MDA-175, and MDA-231), which are negative for hormonal receptors, but differ in HER-2/neu expression (strong, mild, and minimal, respectively). The 3 cell lines showed different expressions of phosphorylated (p)- NF-κB and p53, as evaluated using immunohistochemistry with visual quantification by brightfield microscopy. After being treated with Velcade for 2 days, MDA-231 cells showed markedly reduced proliferation, followed by SKBR-3 cells, and then by MDA-175 cells. There was strong correlation between the nuclear expression of either p-NF-κB or p53 and the inhibitory rate of Velcade in the 3 cell lines (r = 0.987 and 0.807, respectively). Western blotting showed an increase in inhibitor-kappaB (I-κB) expression in nuclei of MDA-231 and SKBR-3 cells, but not in MDA-175 cells, following exposure to Velcade. Velcade treatment resulted in cleaved caspase-3 expression in MDA-231 cells and in the overexpression of p53 and p21WAF1 in all 3 cell lines, as evaluated using Western blotting. In summary, morphoproteomic analysis of p-NF-κB and p53 can be correlated with the inhibitory effect of Velcade in vitro. We propose that this proliferative inhibition is variably associated with blocking p-NF-κB function by upregulation of nuclear I-κB, stabilization of p53, and induction of p21WAF1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-24
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Volume35
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Morphoproteomics
  • Nuclear factor-kappaB
  • Proteasome inhibition
  • Velcade
  • p53

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