Intracardiac Thrombi in Preterm Infants—A Case Study and Review of the Literature

Ayala Gover, Dawod Sharif, Liat Yaniv, Arieh Riskin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Intracardiac thrombi in preterm infants are not common but may lead to fatal outcomes. Predisposing and risk factors include small vessel size, hemodynamic instability, immaturity of the fibrinolytic system, indwelling central catheters and sepsis. In this paper, we present our own experience with a case of a catheter-related right atrial thrombus in a preterm infant, which was successfully treated with an aspiration thrombectomy. Then, we review the literature on intracardiac thrombosis in preterm infants: epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical signs, echocardiographic diagnostic features and treatment options are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number764
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • intra-atrial thrombus
  • intracardiac thrombus
  • preterm
  • thrombectomy
  • thrombolysis


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