Background: To describe the use of intracameral recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-tPA) in the treatment of severe fibrinous reactions in toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS) after cataract surgery. Methods: A case series of 59 eyes of 59 patients with severe fibrinous anterior chamber reaction following cataract surgery who received intracameral r-tPA (25 µg/0.1 ml). The main outcome measures after intracameral r-tPA were the incidence of complete fibrinolysis, time of maximal effect, visual acuity, and complications. Results: Severe fibrinous reactions appeared 11.5 ± 5.3 days after cataract surgery. Fibrinolysis was observed 2.33 ± 2.70 days after rtPA use and 36 eyes (61%) exhibited resolution of the fibrin by the end of the first day following injection (p < 0.001). Transient corneal edema observed at 1-day after injection was the only complication reported during the injection of r-tPA or at follow-up. Eight eyes (13.6%) required a second r-tPA injection. Best-corrected visual acuity improved from 0.88 ± 0.67 logMAR units before rtPA injection to 0.48 ± 0.49 logMAR units at 1-month (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The application of r-tPA was a quick and efficacious therapeutic approach for the management of severe fibrinous reactions in TASS after cataract surgery. In a clinical setting, intracameral r-tPA may be useful when rapid visual recovery is needed.
- intraoperative complications of cataract surgery
- postoperative anterior segment problems