Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the clinical significance of intra-uterine fluid collection in postmenopausal women with cervical stenosis with and without vaginal bleeding. Methods: A group of 82 consecutive postmenopausal women with cervical stenosis and sonographically confirmed intra-uterine fluid collection underwent D&C with or without hysteroscopy. Diagnostic hysteroscopy was performed in all patients with an endometrial thickness (ET) was greater than 8 mm, or with irregular endometrium at any degree of ET. The patients were divided and evaluated prospectively into two groups according to the presence or absence of postmenopausal bleeding (PMB). Twenty-six women were with PMB and 56 women were asymptomatic. Results: The groups were similar as far as endometrial thickness and histopathological results were concerned. Atrophic endometrium was found in 69 patients (84%), 23 in the PMB group (89%) and 46 in the other group (82%), proliferative endometrium in 7 (9%) and endometrial polyps were found in 35 patients (43%), 12 in the PMB group (46%) and 23 in the other group (41%). When ET was ≥8 mm, in 93% of the cases an endometrial polyp was found (25 out of 27). No case of endometrial cancer was found. A premalignant condition was diagnosed in one patient with an endometrial polyp in the PMB group. All patients with endometrial thickness of less than 3 mm in ultrasound had atrophic endometrium. The incidence of intrauterine pathology increased with the increasing thickness of endometrium as observed by ultrasound. Conclusions: The presence of intra-uterine fluid collection in postmenopausal patients with cervical stenosis seems to be a benign condition. Normal endometrium of less than 3 mm observed by ultrasound in postmenopausal women without vaginal bleeding does not necessarily need further surgical investigation.
- Cervical stenosis
- Intra-uterine fluid collection