Intimate and facultative? Regulation of clathrin-mediated endocytosis by the actin cytoskeleton

Tal Hirschhorn, Marcelo Ehrlich

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) involves the timely coordination of plasma membrane deformation, clathrin coat assembly, and cargo inclusion. CME culminates with vesicle release through membrane scission, followed by internalization and uncoating en route to the endosome. The biochemical and biophysical requirements of CME are supplied by a broad number of regulators, many of which bind actin and/or modify actin dynamics. The multidomain structure of these regulators enables their integration into signal-based cellular programs. The architecture and dynamic nature of the actin cytoskeleton establish its influence on distinct aspects of CME, ranging from membrane compartmentalization and acquisition of membrane curvature to coated pit invagination and vesicle movement. However, in mammalian cells, the regulation of CME by the actin cytoskeleton may be facultative, as CME still occurs, in certain cellular contexts, in the absence of actin polymerization. This chapter addresses the complexity of CME regulation by actin and expands on the role of membrane compartmentalization on the spatial organization of clathrin-coated pits and on the multiplicity of differently structured regulators of actin dynamics at the coated pit.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationVesicle Trafficking in Cancer
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages33-56
Number of pages24
Volume9781461465287
ISBN (Electronic)9781461465287
ISBN (Print)1461465273, 9781461465270
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2013

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