Intestinal and metabolic effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in normal adult rat.

D. B. Lee, M. M. Walling, B. S. Levine, U. Gafter, V. Silis, A. Hodsman, J. W. Coburn

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We examined the effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] on intestinal 45Ca and [32P]phosphate uptake in normal and mineral- and vitamin D-replete adult rats. The results indicate that 45Ca uptake by adult rat duodenum was stimulated by "physiological" doses of 1,25(OH)2D3. With increasing dosage of 1,25(OH)2D3, 45Ca uptake also became stimulated first in the colon and then in the jejunum and ileum. The increase in duodenal and jejunal 45Ca uptake was paralleled by an increase in [32P]phosphate uptake, but this parallelism was not always seen in the ileum and was never observed in the colon. The dissociated calcium and phosphate transport response to 1,25(OH)2D3 stimulation in the colon was further confirmed by the measurement of transmural fluxes using a modified Ussing technique. These responses to 1,25(OH)2D3 are similar to those observed in younger vitamin D-deficient rats. However, supraphysiological doses of 1,25(OH)2D3 caused weight loss in normal adult rats, whereas the same metabolite, even when given in large doses, led to weight gain in vitamin D-deficient rats. We propose the normal adult rat as an additional model for evaluating the biological action of 1,25(OH)2D3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)G90-96
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1981


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