Human infectious disease results from many factors (e.g., human behavior, disease organisms, institutions) that often interact as opposing agents in accordance to the investor–exploiter dichotomy. Directing interventions to influence these opposing roles may improve human health by differentially influencing the success of exploiters and investors. Alterations made on one level may change outcomes on other levels and affect the impact of disease on states of health. These interactions need to be incorporated into economic models to inform the assessments of interventions to improve health.
|Title of host publication
|Investors and Exploiters in Ecology and Economics
|Subtitle of host publication
|Principles and Applications
|Luc-Alain Giraldeau, Philipp Heeb, Michael Kosfeld
|Published - 5 May 2017