Interval velocity analysis using multiparameter common image gathers

Raanan Dafni*, Moshe Reshef

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


We developed a nonconventional approach to interval velocity analysis. The motivation for this approach is based on the argument that when the subsurface structure is complex, velocity error cannot be related to a single parameter. The suggested analysis uses multiparameter common image gathers (MPCIGs), generated by standard prestack depth migration. The parameterization of these multiparameter gathers is directly related to the structural characteristics of the subsurface image points. The undesirable summation, which is usually involved in the generation of conventional common image gathers, is avoided. During the velocity analysis procedure, depth slices taken out of the calculated MPCIGs are examined. Each depth slice contains all seismic data that were migrated into a single image point associated with the specific depth slice. When the MPCIGs are generated with the correct velocity function, each depth slice holds all structural information associated with the corresponding image point. Through detailed analysis of 2D synthetic and real data examples, the influence of migration velocity errors on the accuracy of the migrated multiparameter gathers is demonstrated. A Kirchhoff-based algorithm is used for the migration along with a layer-stripping method, relying on velocity scans, for the analysis. A velocity correctness criterion was also verified, along with some suggestions on the practical usage of the method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)U63-U72
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2012


  • Imaging
  • Migration
  • Velocity analysis


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