Interrelationships between Survival, Sex, and Blood Pressure in Patients with Multiple System Atrophy

Tanya Gurevich*, Ludmila Merkin, Alina Rozenberg, Ariel Fisher, Elly Atanasova Mishkova-Serafimova, Dina Klepikov, Nir Giladi, Chava Peretz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The aim of this study is to estimate survival among patients with multiple system atrophy-parkinsonian type (MSA-P) or cerebellar type MSA (MSA-C) in relation to blood pressure (BP) measurements, by sex. Methods: A cohort of 99 MSA patients was studied retrospectively. Their BP measurements were obtained during prolonged (40 min, vertical position) drug-free tilt testing. We used K-M survival curves and Cox regression to calculate adjusted (to age of onset) hazard ratios (HRs) of BP measurements on time to death by MSA subtype and sex. Results: Fifty-two MSA patients were males and 47 were females. Sixty-three of them had MSA-P and 36 had MSA-C. The mean age at motor symptom onset was 61.1 ± 10.4 years, and mean disease duration at the time of BP assessment was 8.0 ± 4.7 years. The 2 study groups (MSA-P and MSA-C) did not differ significantly in age at MSA onset, sex ratio, or disease duration. Survival time did not differ between the groups {medians: 12 years (95% confidence interval [CI]: 8-28) and 10 years (95% CI: 8-13), respectively}. The MSA-P group showed a trend towards better survival for males (log-rank p = 0.0925). The maximal diastolic orthostatic BP decline during tilt testing had a borderline positive association with death risk among MSA-C males (adjusted HR = 1.18, p = 0.0665), and systolic BP after 10 min in a supine position had a significant positive association with death risk among MSA-P males (adjusted HR = 1.06, p = 0.0354). Conclusions: The findings of a sex-based difference in the effect of BP on death risk may be important for adjusting the therapeutic approach to MSA patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-61
Number of pages6
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2021


  • Blood pressure changes
  • Multiple system atrophy
  • Orthostatic hypotension
  • Sex
  • Survival


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