Interleukin-8 receptor β: The role of the carboxyl terminus in signal transduction

Adit Ben-Baruch*, Kathleen M. Bengali, Arya Biragyn, Jim J. Johnston, Ji Ming Wang, Jin Kim, Anan Chuntharapai, Dennis F. Michiel, Joost J. Oppenheim, David J. Kelvin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two interleukin-8 (IL-8) receptors, α and β, have been identified and cloned. Both receptors are thought to transduce signals by coupling to GTP-binding proteins. The aim of this study is to determine whether the carboxyl terminus (C') of IL-8 receptor α (IL-8Rβ) is involved in signaling in response to IL-8. We have constructed a number of IL-8Rβ genes that encode truncated forms of the IL-8Rβ. The deletions consisted of amino acids 349-355, 336-355, 325-355, and 317-355 (termed β32, β33, β4, and β5, respectively). 293 human embryonic kidney cells were transfected with the wild type IL-8Rβ (β1) and with these mutants. Cells transfected with the mutated receptors expressed the receptors and bound IL-8 with the same high affinity as cells transfected with the wild type receptor. The capacity of the mutated receptors to convey functional signals was evaluated by comparing the chemotaxis index of cells expressing the C'-truncated receptors to the index of cells expressing the wild type receptor. The results indicate that while cells expressing β1, β2, β3, and β4 were chemoattracted in response to IL-8, cells expressing β5 did not migrate in response to IL-8 stimulation. Therefore, the data suggest that amino acids 317-324 are involved in signaling by IL-8Rβ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9121-9128
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number16
StatePublished - 21 Apr 1995
Externally publishedYes

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