Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist inhibits interleukin-8 expression in A549 respiratory epithelial cells infected in vitro with a replication-deficient recombinant adenovirus vector

Yehuda A. Schwarz, Raouf S. Amin, James M. Stark, Bruce C. Trapnell, Robert W. Wilmott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In an earlier study, we showed that a recombinant adenovirus vector with deletions in the E1 and E3 regions of the viral genome (AV1LacZ4) induces expression of interleukin (IL)-8 in A549 cells (a human respiratory cell line). IL-8 can be induced through several pathways, including activation by IL-1. We tested the hypothesis that the induction of IL-8 by the AV1LacZ4 adenovirus is accomplished by means of the IL-1/IL-8 activation pathway, which could be blocked by IL-1 receptor antagonist (IRAP). Viral infections of A549 cells were performed at a multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 50 in the presence and absence of IRAP (50 ng/ml). A549 cells were also stimulated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α (100 ng/ml), a known stimulant of IL-8, in the presence and absence of IRAP. IL-8 expression was evaluated by Northern blot analysis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Levels of IL-8 protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) were greater in the infected cells than in the uninfected ones at 24, 48, and 96 h (P < 0.01). Virus-infected cells treated with TRAP expressed 75% less IL-8 mRNA and protein (P < 0.01) than did untreated cells, whereas IRAP pretreatment of TNF-α-stimulaled cells did not affect IL-8 production. IL-1 production by the virus-infected cells was detectable by concentration of the supernatants and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. We conclude that IL-8 is produced by virus vector-infected cells, partly through IL-1 activation that can be downregulated by IRAP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-394
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

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