Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a potent stimulator of IL-8 production by fibroblasts and monocytes. In the present study, we asked how much of endotoxin (LPS)-induced IL-8 production by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells was due to IL-1 induced by LPS. Cells were stimulated with either IL-1β, LPS, or Borrelia burgdorferi, and total IL-8 was determined by a specific radioimmunoassay. The addition of saturating concentrations of IL-1 receptor antagonist protein (IRAP) reduced the IL-1β-, LPS-, and B. burgdorferi-induced IL-8 synthesis by 85, 50, and 40%, respectively. Increasing the concentration of LPS did not affect the reduction in IL-8 synthesis observed in the presence of IRAP. Significant inhibition of the IL-1β-induced IL-8 synthesis was observed when IRAP was added 60 or 90 min after IL-1β; similarly, IL-8 synthesis after LPS was also reduced by delayed addition of IRAP. These data suggest that the ameliorative effects of IL-1 receptor blockade in models of inflammation and infection may be due, in part, to suppression of IL-1-induced IL-8.
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Apr 1992|