Interictal Epileptiform Discharge Dynamics in Peri-sylvian Polymicrogyria Using EEG-fMRI

Noa Cohen*, Yoram Ebrahimi, Mordekhay Medvedovsky, Guy Gurevitch, Orna Aizenstein, Talma Hendler, Firas Fahoum, Tomer Gazit

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Polymicrogyria (PMG) is a common malformation of cortical development associated with a higher susceptibility to epileptic seizures. Seizures secondary to PMG are characterized by difficult-to-localize cerebral sources due to the complex and widespread lesion structure. Tracing the dynamics of interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) in patients with epilepsy has been shown to reveal the location of epileptic activity sources, crucial for successful treatment in cases of focal drug-resistant epilepsy. In this case series IED dynamics were evaluated with simultaneous EEG-fMRI recordings in four patients with unilateral peri-sylvian polymicrogyria (PSPMG) by tracking BOLD activations over time: before, during and following IED appearance on scalp EEG. In all cases, focal BOLD activations within the lesion itself preceded the activity associated with the time of IED appearance on EEG, which showed stronger and more widespread activations. We therefore propose that early hemodynamic activity corresponding to IEDs may hold important localizing information potentially leading to the cerebral sources of epileptic activity. IEDs are suggested to develop within a small area in the PSPMG lesion with structural properties obscuring the appearance of their electric field on the scalp and only later engage widespread structures which allow the production of large currents which are recognized as IEDs on EEG.

Original languageEnglish
Article number658239
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
StatePublished - 3 Jun 2021


  • EEG-fMRI
  • epilepsy
  • interictal dynamics
  • interictal epileptiform discharges
  • polymicrogyria


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