Interatrial shunt therapy in advanced heart failure: Outcomes from the open-label cohort of the RELIEVE-HF trial

Josep Rodés-Cabau*, Jo Ann Lindenfeld, William T. Abraham, Michael R. Zile, Saibal Kar, Antoni Bayés-Genís, Neal Eigler, Richard Holcomb, Julio Núñez, Elizabeth Lee, Michal Laufer Perl, Gil Moravsky, Michael Pfeiffer, John Boehmer, John Gorcsan, Jeroen J. Bax, Stefan Anker, Gregg W. Stone

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: Heart failure (HF) outcomes remain poor despite optimal guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT). We assessed safety, effectiveness, and transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) outcomes during the 12 months after Ventura shunt implantation in the RELIEVE-HF open-label roll-in cohort. Methods and results: Eligibility required symptomatic HF despite optimal GDMT with ≥1 HF hospitalization in the prior year or elevated natriuretic peptides. The safety endpoint was device-related major adverse cardiovascular or neurological events at 30 days, compared to a prespecified performance goal. Effectiveness evaluations included the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) at baseline, 1, 3, 6, and 12 months and TTE at baseline and 12 months. Overall, 97 patients were enrolled and implanted at 64 sites. Average age was 70 ± 11 years, 97% were in New York Heart Association class III, and half had left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤40%. The safety endpoint was achieved (event rate 0%, p < 0.001). KCCQ overall summary score was improved by 12–16 points at all follow-up timepoints (all p < 0.004), with similar outcomes in patients with reduced and preserved LVEF. At 12 months, left ventricular end-systolic and end-diastolic volumes were reduced (p = 0.020 and p = 0.038, respectively), LVEF improved (p = 0.009), right ventricular end-systolic and end-diastolic areas were reduced (p = 0.001 and p = 0.030, respectively), and right ventricular fractional area change (p < 0.001) and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (p < 0.001) improved. Conclusion: Interatrial shunting with the Ventura device was safe and resulted in favourable clinical effects in patients with HF, regardless of LVEF. Improvements of left and right ventricular structure and function were consistent with reverse myocardial remodelling. These results would support the potential of this shunt device as a treatment for HF.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024
Externally publishedYes

Funding

FundersFunder number
Abbott Laboratories

    Keywords

    • Heart failure
    • Implant
    • Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire
    • Left ventricular function
    • RELIEVE-HF
    • Right ventricular function
    • Transthoracic echocardiography

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