Interaction of mannose-containing oligosaccharides with the fimbrial lectin of Escherichia coli

Nurit Firon*, Itzhak Ofek, Nathan Sharon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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The sugar specificity of Escherichia coli 346 and of the type-1 fimbriae isolated from this organism has been studied by quantitative inhibition of the agglutination of mannan-containing yeast cells. The best inhibitors of the agglutination by the bacteria were the oligosaccharides Manα1→6[Manα1→3]Manα1→6[Manα1→2Manα1→3]ManαOMe, Manα1→6[Manα1→3]Manα1→6[Manα1→3]ManαOMe and Manα1→3Manβ1→4GlcNAc, and the aromatic glycoside p-nitrophenyl α-d-mannoside, all of which were 20-30 times more inhibitory than methyl α-d-mannoside. The disaccharides Manα1→3Man, Manα1→2Man and Manα1→6Man, the tetrasaccharide Manα1→2Manα1→3Manβ1→4GlcNAc and the pentasaccharide Manα1→2Manα1→2Manα1→3Manβ1→4GlcNAc, were all poor inhibitors. A very good correlation was found between the relative inhibitory activity of the different sugars tested with intact bacteria and with the isolated fimbriae. Our findings show that the combining site of the E. coli lectin is an extended one, corresponding to the size of a trisaccharide, that it contains a hydrophobic region, and that it is in the form of a pocket on the surface of the lectin. The combining site fits best the structures found in short oli gomannosidic chains present in N-glycosidically linked glycoproteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1426-1432
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - 29 Apr 1982


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