Integrin α2β1 plays a critical role in osteoblast response to micron-scale surface structure and surface energy of titanium substrates

R. Olivares-Navarrete, P. Raz, G. Zhao, J. Chen, M. Wieland, D. L. Cochran, R. A. Chaudhri, A. Ornoy, B. D. Boyan, Z. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Efforts to improve bone response to biomaterials have focused on ligands that bind α5β1 integrins. However, antibodies to α5β1 reduce osteoblast proliferation but do not affect differentiation when cells are grown on titanium (Ti). β1-silencing blocks the differentiation stimulus of Ti microtopography, suggesting that other β1 partners are important. Stably α2-silenced MG63 human osteoblast-like cells were used to test whether α2β1 specifically mediates osteoblast response to Ti surface micron-scale structure and energy. WT and α2-silenced MG63 cells were cultured on tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS) and Ti disks with different surface microtopographies: machined pretreatment (PT) surfaces [mean peak to valley roughness (Ra) < 0.02 μm], PT surfaces that were grit-blasted and acid-etched (SLA; Ra = 4 μm), and SLA with high surface energy (modSLA). Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), α2 and β1 mRNA, but not α5, αv, β3, type-I collagen, or osteocalcin, increased on SLA and modSLA at 6 days. α2 increased at 8 days on TCPS and PT, but remained unchanged on SLA and modSLA. α2-protein was reduced 70% in α2-siRNA cells, whereas α5-mRNA and protein were unaffected. α2-knockdown blocked surface-dependent increases in β1 and osteocalcin and decreases in cell number and increases in ALP and local factors typical of MG63 cells grown on SLA and modSLA [e.g., prostaglandin E 2, osteoprotegerin, latent and active TGF-β1, and stimulatory effects of 1α,25(OH)2D3 on these parameters]. This finding indicates that α2β1 signaling is required for osteoblastic differentiation caused by Ti microstructure and surface energy, suggesting that conclusions based on cell behavior on TCPS are not predictive of behavior on other substrates or the mechanisms involved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15767-15772
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number41
StatePublished - 14 Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes


FundersFunder number
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin DiseasesR01AR052102


    • MG63 human osteoblasts
    • Titanium surface roughness
    • α-2 integrin siRNA


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