Integration of gene expression and DNA methylation data across different experiments

Yonatan Itai, Nimrod Rappoport, Ron Shamir*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Integrative analysis of multi-omic datasets has proven to be extremely valuable in cancer research and precision medicine. However, obtaining multimodal data from the same samples is often difficult. Integrating multiple datasets of different omics remains a challenge, with only a few available algorithms developed to solve it. Here, we present INTEND (IntegratioN of Transcriptomic and EpigeNomic Data), a novel algorithm for integrating gene expression and DNA methylation datasets covering disjoint sets of samples. To enable integration, INTEND learns a predictive model between the two omics by training on multi-omic data measured on the same set of samples. In comprehensive testing on 11 TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) cancer datasets spanning 4329 patients, INTEND achieves significantly superior results compared with four state-of-the-art integration algorithms. We also demonstrate INTEND's ability to uncover connections between DNA methylation and the regulation of gene expression in the joint analysis of two lung adenocarcinoma single-omic datasets from different sources. INTEND's data-driven approach makes it a valuable multi-omic data integration tool. The code for INTEND is available at

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7762-7776
Number of pages15
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Issue number15
StatePublished - 25 Aug 2023


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