Summary: Since the 1970s, many kibbutz educational systems have moved from schools solely for one kibbutz to regional schools. Regional schools put the kibbutzim goal of maintaining their own uniqueness in tension with their need and desire to integrate with and contribute to Israeli society. Consolidation required attention to the differing educational abilities and capacities of diverse students and redefining community in heterogeneous, regional terms. These have benefited participating kibbutzim and, based on traditional strengths of kibbutz education, these regional schools have contributed principles of non-selective (inclusive) education, community and classroom values education, and acceptance of difference in others. Integration in regional schools requires schools to adapt to the diversity of the region but also to the uniqueness of participating communities.
- Elementary and secondary education
- Kibbutz education
- Kibbutz movement
- Regional schools
- School autonomy