Integration as a catalyst for assimilation

Oded Stark, Marcin Jakubek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We draw a distinction between the social integration and economic assimilation of migrants, and study an interaction between the two. We define social integration as blending into the host country's society, and economic assimilation as acquisition of human capital that is specific to the host country's labor market. We show that a non-integrated migrant finds it optimal to acquire a relatively limited quantity of human capital; with fellow migrants constituting his only comparison group, a non-integrated migrant does not have a relative-deprivation-based incentive to close the income gap with the natives. However, when a migrant is made to integrate, his social proximity to the natives exposes him to relative deprivation, which in turn prompts him to form more destination-specific human capital in order to increase his earnings and narrow the income gap with the natives. In this way, social integration becomes a catalyst for economic assimilation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-70
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Review of Economics and Finance
Volume28
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Assimilation
  • Human capital formation
  • Integration
  • Interpersonal comparisons
  • Social proximity

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Integration as a catalyst for assimilation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this