Integrated first- and second-trimester Down syndrome screening test among unaffected IVF pregnancies

Ron Maymon, Adrian Shulman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the current study was to assess the profile of markers that constitute the integrated test and to measure its false-positive rates (FPR) among a preselected group of unaffected IVF pregnancies. These results were compared with the reference laboratory values that reflect the general obstetric population, which underwent the same investigative protocol. Methods: Ninety-nine unaffected singletons from IVF-pregnant women and 1781 controls, all evaluated by the same laboratory, underwent a nondisclosure integrated Down syndrome screening test. This test comprised first-trimester nuchal translucency (NT) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) assessment, followed by a midgestation quadruple test. Only upon completion of the integrated screening test, the parturient women were informed of its results. Results: The mean maternal age of the study and the control group was 32.2 ± 4 and 30.4 ± 4 years respectively (t-test >0.005). The marker levels were expressed as multiples of the gestation-specific normal medians. The IVF group had lower PAPP-A (0.78 vs 1.03, t-test P < 0.05) and higher NT (1.14 vs 1.01, t-test P < 0.05) values, respectively. All the other markers were similar for both groups. On the basis of the integrated test, a higher rate of IVF pregnancies were defined as being screen-positive (6.1% vs 3.7%), although the values did not reach a level of statistical significance. Conclusions: Since NT alone yielded the same FPR as the integrated test, the option of various sonographic screening combinations in this group warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-129
Number of pages5
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004

Keywords

  • Down syndrome
  • IVF pregnancies
  • Integrated test
  • Screening

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