Insensitive Energetic Materials Containing Two-Dimensional Nanostructures as Building Blocks

Qi Long Yan, Michael Gozin, Pei Jin Liu, Guo Qiang He

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) materials are very promising components for making energy storage devices, electronic and optoelectronic systems, light-harvesting systems, nanocatalysts, and myriad other applications. It was recently demonstrated that by using various 2D materials as building blocks, it was possible to prepare novel insensitive energetic materials (EMs), with advanced capabilities of tuning these EMs' properties and performance. The resulting insensitive EMs include nanothermites, energetic metal organic frameworks, and energetic coordination polymers, as well as energetic hybrid composites, all of which are under very active development around the world. In contrast to more traditional organic EMs (such as RDX and HMX), 2D EMs owe their insensitivity to external mechanical and thermal stimuli, and to layered, intercalated, or crystal-coating structures, capable of very effective dissipation of localized disturbances, generated by mechanical impacts or hot spots, generated by heating. Thus we could create a new paradigm in the design of novel insensitive high-performance EMs. In this chapter, the preparation, characteristics, and performance of various types of 2D EMs containing pristine graphene, chemically functionalized graphene, and other nongraphene-based materials are described. The potential application of these novel EMs in solid rocket propulsion and other energetic systems is detailed and summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNanomaterials in Rocket Propulsion Systems
PublisherElsevier
Pages81-111
Number of pages31
ISBN (Electronic)9780128139097
ISBN (Print)9780128139080
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • 2D energetic materials
  • Explosives
  • Graphene
  • Insensitive
  • MOFs
  • Propellants

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