Inhibition of murine Lewis lung carcinoma metastases by combined chemotherapy and intranasal THF-γ2 immunotherapy

Gloria Rashid, Rachel Ophir, Marit Pecht, Sylvie Lourie, Asher Meshorer, Shlomo Ben-Efraim, Nathan Trainin, Yigal Burstein, Yona Keisari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous research in our laboratories has shown that the immunoregulatory octapeptide. THF-γ2, potentiates the efficacy of anticancer chemotherapy in experimental animal models of local plasmacytoma and repairs drug-induced defects in immunocompetence. The highly metastatic, murine D122 lung carcinoma model has been shown to be useful for evaluating the efficacy of experimental antimetastatic therapeutic modalities. The goal of the present study was to determine whether intranasal thymic humoral factor-γ2 (THF-γ2) immunotherapy, after a single dose of chemotherapy, could inhibit the development of lung metastases, restore immunocompetence, and increase survival in syngeneic C57BL/6 mice bearing highly metastatic Lewis lung carcinoma (D122) solid footpad tumors. Relative to untreated mice and those receiving chemotherapy alone, mice receiving combined chemoimmunotherapy showed the following significant differences: (a) decreased lung metastatic load as assessed by lung weight, (b) prolonged survival time, (c) massive infiltration of lymphoid cells in the lungs, and (d) restoration of impaired immune parameters to normal values in melphalan-treated mice. THF-γ2 prevented tumor emboli from colonizing the target tissue, probably by inducing expansion of the lymphoid cell compartment. When used as an adjunct to anticancer chemotherapy, intranasal THF-γ2 immunotherapy is a simple and safe treatment modality that seems to be promising for inhibiting lung metastases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-333
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunotherapy
Volume19
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Carcinoma
  • Intranasal immunotherapy
  • Lung neoplasms, secondary
  • Thymic factor

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