Inhibition of interleukin-10 by the immunomodulator AS101 reduces mesangial cell proliferation in experimental mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis. Association with dephosphorylation of STAT3

Yona Kalechman, Uzi Gafter, Talia Weinstein, Avry Chagnac, Ilya Freidkin, Ana Tobar, Michael Albeck, Benjamin Sredni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mesangial cell (MC) proliferation is essential for the pathogenesis and progression of glomerular disease. Using an acute model of mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (Thy1 GN), we show that neutralization of interleukin (IL)-10 greatly ameliorated the disease as expressed by both decreased MC expansion and proteinuria. Treatment with the tellurium compound AS101 (ammonium trichloro(dioxoethylene-o,o′)tellurate) resulted in favorable effects provided that the compound was administered 24 h before insult, whereas partial effects were obtained when administered after insult. We identified STAT3 as playing a pivotal role in IL-10-induced MC proliferation in vitro and in vivo. IL-10 activates MC STAT3 in vitro as expressed by its phosphorylation and nuclear translocation. The role of STAT3 in MC proliferation induced by IL-10 was deduced from results showing that IL-10-induced proliferation was abrogated if MC transfected with STAT3 antisense oligonucleotides were used or if cells were incubated with inhibitors of STAT3. AS101 deactivates STAT3 in control but not in MC transfected with IL-10 antisense oligonucleotides. Inactivation of STAT3 prevents reduction of MC proliferation by AS101. We further demonstrate the role of STAT3 in the regulation of cell cycle and survival regulatory proteins by AS101 in MC via inhibition of IL-10. IL-10 increased MC expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-X1 and simultaneously decreased the levels of p27kip1. These survival factors were decreased by AS101 in a STAT3- and IL-10-dependent manner, whereas p27kip1 was similarly increased. In Thy1 GN, phosphorylated STAT3 in glomerular MC peaked at day 6 and correlated with MC expansion. Neutralization of IL-10 or its inhibition by AS101 abolished phosphorylation of STAT3. This effect positively correlated with amelioration of the disease. These in vitro and in vivo studies indicate that the autocrine MC growth factor IL-10 induces MC proliferation via STAT3. We suggest that IL-10 or its downstream target STAT3 might be therapeutic targets for kidney diseases induced by mesangial proliferation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24724-24732
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Jun 2004

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