Influence of panel-reactive antibody and lymphocytotoxic crossmatch on survival after heart transplantation

J. Lavee, R. L. Kormos, R. J. Duquesnoy, T. R. Zerbe, J. M. Armitage, M. Vanek, R. L. Hardesty, B. P. Griffith

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119 Scopus citations

Abstract

Review of 463 heart transplants was undertaken to examine the relationship between level of panel-reactive antibody (PRA) and a standard donor-specific lymphocytotoxic crossmatch (LXM) on the incidence of death from hyperacute, acute, and chronic rejection. Death from chronic rejection was defined as being caused by graft atherosclerosis. Hyperacute rejection was diagnosed in 18 allografts, and only two recipients had PRA > 10% and another two a positive LXM. Five-year actuarial freedom from death caused by all forms of rejection correlated with PRA values as follows: PRA 0% to 10% (415 patients), 85%; PRA 11% to 25% (29 patients), 68%; PRA >25% (19 patients), 57% (p < 0.005). Additionally, there was a positive linear relationship between PRA and duration of acute rejection episodes in the first 3 months after transplantation. A positive retrospective donor-specific LXM was present in 42 of 401 patients; most of them (32 patients) were low positive (10% to 50% cell death), and none could be correlated with antibody specificity toward donor HLA antigens. Five-year actuarial freedom from death caused by rejection was 83% in those with a negative LXM, 74% in those with low-positive, and 79% in those with high-positive LXM (p = NS). Negative LXM result did not reduce the risk of death caused by rejection in any of the PRA subgroups. While PRA > 10% is a risk factor for rejection-related events, a negative LXM in patients with an elevated PRA does not reduce the risk of death resulting from acute or chronic rejection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921-930
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume10
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

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