Use of GeneXpert MRSA/SA in diagnostic algorithms of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia may influence both patients’ clinical outcomes and antibiotic stewardship. We evaluated these outcomes in a retrospective cohort before (1/6/2015–31/5/2016) and after (1/6/2016–31/8/2017) the introduction of the test in adult patients with Gram-positive cocci in clusters in blood cultures. We included 254 patients (125 preintervention, 129 postintervention). No significant difference in 30-day mortality or clinical success was demonstrated between periods. Appropriate antibiotic therapy rates were significantly higher in the postintervention group, and vancomycin use was significantly reduced (80.6% vs 53.6%, P < 0.01; 2.3±0.38 vs 2.98±1.02 defined daily doses/100 patient days, P = 0.026, respectively). Appropriate beta-lactam use was also significantly higher (56.7% postintervention vs 23.1% preintervention, P < 0.01). Use of GeneXpert MRSA/SA test has a positive effect on antibiotic stewardship measures, though it has no significant effect on clinical outcomes including mortality in this fatal infection.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease|
|State||Published - Feb 2019|
- Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia