Induction of ovulation with combined human gonadotropins and dexamethasone in women with polycystic ovarian disease

S. Evron, D. Navot, N. Laufer, Y. Z. Diamant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A combined treatment of human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and dexamethasone was administered to 27 infertile patients with polycystic ovarian disease who failed to conceive with clomiphene citrate and hMG-hCG alone. Twenty-two (81%) of the patients ovulated according to basal body temperature and progesterone values, and 20 (74%) conceived during one to four treatment cycles. Fifteen (74%) pregnancies terminated in live full-term deliveries (14 singletons and 1 set of twins), and 5 (25%) have terminated in first-trimester abortions. Only one of the treatment cycles was complicated by moderate ovarian hyperstimulation. The average hMG dose required for the induction of ovulation was significantly reduced from 25 ampules with hMG-hCG alone to 18 ampules under the combined treatment (P < 0.01). The combination of hMG-hCG and dexamethasone is an additional, safe, and effective nonsurgical treatment for women with polycystic ovarian disease who have failed to respond to an hMG-hCG regimen alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-186
Number of pages4
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

Funding

FundersFunder number
Joint Research Fund ofHadassah University Hospital

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