Induction of oral tolerance towards hepatitis B envelope antigens in a murine model

Israel Gotsman, Roy Beinart, Ruslana Alper, Elazar Rabbani, Dean Engelhardt, Yaron Ilan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a non-cytopathic virus, and the hepatocellular injury that occurs as a consequence of HBV infection is mediated by the host antiviral immune response. Subjects with natural tolerance to HBV have minimal or no liver injury despite chronic viremia. We have shown that immune tolerance towards viruses can be induced by oral administration of viral proteins. Aims: To test whether oral induction of tolerance can be induced towards HBV antigens, and whether oral tolerance induction downregulates preexisting anti-HBV immune response. Methods: Oral tolerance was induced via feeding of five low oral doses of HBV proteins (HBsAg + preS1 + preS2, BioHepB). This was followed by two inoculations with the BioHepB vaccine. Humoral immune tolerance was evaluated by measuring serum levels of anti-HBs antibody titers at monthly intervals. To determine if oral tolerance induction downregulates pre-existing anti-HBs immunity, mice were inoculated twice with the BioHepB vaccine, followed by feeding of BioHepB-HBV proteins. Results: Feeding of HBV proteins markedly inhibited production of anti-HBs antibodies in naive mice. Anti-HBs titers were 45 versus 135 mIU/ml, in tolerized versus non-tolerized controls (P < 0.005). Moreover, oral tolerance induction effectively down-regulated pre-existing immunity and reduced the anti-HBs titers in previously immunized mice to 112 versus 223 mIU/ml, in tolerized compared with non-tolerized controls (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Induction of oral tolerance towards HBV proteins downregulates the antiviral humoral immune response in naive mice, and in the presence of preexisting anti-HBV immunity. This approach should be further investigated as a method for alleviation of antiviral-mediated liver injury in chronic HBV hepatitis. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-26
Number of pages10
JournalAntiviral Research
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chronic liver disease
  • Hepatitis B virus treatment
  • Immune response
  • Oral tolerance

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