Induction of growth alterations in factor-dependent hematopoietic progenitor cell lines by cocultivation with irradiated bone marrow stromal cell lines

E. Naparstek, J. Pierce, D. Metcalf, R. Shadduck, J. Ihle, A. Leder, M. A. Sakakeeny, K. Wagner, J. Falco, T. J. FitzGerald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We studied the production of hemopoietins by x-irradiated plateau-phase cultures of cloned marrow stromal cell lines derived from C3H/HeJ marrow, termed D2XRII and clone 11. The production of CSF in agar overlay of control or 10,000 rad irradiated stromal cultures was quantitated by induction of colonies in: overlaid fresh marrow, IL-3-dependent cell line 32D cl 3, or GM-CSF/IL-3-dependent cell lines FDCP-1 or bg/bg cl 1. Conditioned media were tested for CSF by bioassay using fresh marrow cells, for M-CSF (CSF-1) by RIA, and for IL-3 and GM-CSF by microwell proliferation assay with 32D cl 3 and FDCP-1 cells, respectively. X-irradiation to doses that decreased CSF-1 to 40% of control levels (> 5,000 rad) resulted in a 30-fold increase in growth of FDCP-1 or bg/bg cl 1 cells in liquid co-culture or agar culture overlay with no detectable growth of 32D cl 3. The frequency of subculture of nonautocrine, factor independent (FI) variant clonal lines of FDCP-1 or bg/bg cl 1 cells was increased over 1000-fold by 15 weeks cocultivation with irradiated stromal cell cultures. FI subclonal lines formed tumors in syngeneic mice and contained no detectable poly A messenger RNA for GM-CSF or IL-3, and no elevation in c-myc, c-abl, c-src, or erb-B onc gene-specific messenger RNA compared to parent factor-dependent lines. These data indicate that x-irradiated plateau phase marrow stromal cells produce increased levels of cell contact-mediated biologically active hemopoietin(s) other than M-CSF, GM-CSF, or IL-3 and induce nonautocrine factor-independent malignant cell lines in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1395-1403
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume67
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

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