Induction of beta-cell resistance to hypoxia and technologies for oxygen delivery to transplanted pancreatic islets

Daniel Lazard, Pnina Vardi, Konstantin Bloch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hypoxia is believed to be a crucial factor involved in cell adaptation to environmental stress. Islet transplantation, especially with immunoisolated islets, interrupts vascular connections, resulting in the substantially decreased delivery of oxygen and nutrients to islet cells. Insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells are known to be highly susceptible to oxygen deficiency. Such susceptibility to hypoxia is believed to be one of the main causes of beta-cell death in the post-transplantation period. Different strategies have been developed for the protection of beta cells against hypoxic injury and for oxygen delivery to transplanted islets. The enhancement of beta-cell defense properties against hypoxia has been achieved using various techniques such as gene transfection, drug supplementation, co-culturing with stem cells and cell selection. Technologies for oxygen delivery to transplanted islets include local neovascularization of subcutaneous sites, electrochemical and photosynthetic oxygen generation, oxygen refuelling of bio-artificial pancreas and whole body oxygenation by using hyperbaric therapy. Progress in the field of oxygen technologies for islet transplantation requires a multidisciplinary approach to explore and optimize the interaction between components of the biological system and different technological processes. This review article focuses mainly on the recently developed strategies for oxygenation and protection from hypoxic injury - to achieve stable and long-term normoglycaemia in diabetic patients with transplanted pancreatic islets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-484
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cytoprotection
  • Hypoxic injury
  • Islet transplantation
  • Oxygen delivery

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